Many extensively utilized sleep medications, consisting of benzodiazepines like Valium and barbiturates like Nembutal, can cause daytime drowsiness, over-sedation, and chemical reliance. In the 1990s, Ambien, or zolpidem tartrate, was developed to use the advantages of other hypnotic drugs without some of the more extreme adverse effects. Ambien has because become one of the most popular sleep medications, ranking at number 15 on the list of the most regularly recommended drugs in the nation, according to IMS Health.
Unfavorable Adverse Effects
Individuals who take Ambien for nonmedical reasons are at risk of experiencing an augmentation of unfavorable adverse effects, including the following:
- Confusion and disorientation.
- Excessive sedation.
- Sluggish reaction times.
- Delayed reflex reactions.
- Impaired judgment.
Although Ambien is classified as a sedative, this drug can offer the user a rush of energy and ecstasy when it is abused at high doses. Nevertheless, misusing this drug can result in severe drowsiness, confusion, and clumsiness, all which increase the danger of falls, fractures, and other accidental injuries. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration reports that users who take Ambien to the point of intoxication may experience sedation for up to 16 hours after taking the drug. Taking Ambien with other drugs that depress the central nervous system, such as alcohol, opioid discomfort medications, or tranquilizers, magnifies the sedative effects of Ambien and increases the danger of overdose or injury.
Physical Negative Effects
When taken as directed, Ambien calms the activity of the brain and nerves, making it much easier for the user to drop off to sleep. At the same time, Ambien can have serious adverse effects on the cardiovascular, respiratory, digestion, and sensory systems. A few of the possible responses to Ambien include:
- Queasiness and throwing up
- Quick or irregular heartbeat
- Abdominal pain
- Double vision.
- Appetite loss.
- Breathing depression.
- Pinpoint students.
- Skin rashes.
- Muscle cramps.
- Unusual body language.
Ambien is classified as a non-benzodiazepine hypnotic medication. The chemical structure of this drug was designed to recreate the effects of benzodiazepines on the central nervous system without the potential for abuse or addiction. Like benzodiazepines, Ambien acts upon receptor cells in the brain that bind with GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid), a brain chemical that influences sleep and other neurological activities. Some users have experienced negative cognitive or psychological side effects of Ambien, such as:
- Difficulty concentrating.
- Memory loss.
- Disorientation to location or time.
- Loss of enjoyment in daily life.
- Loss of psychological effect.
- Self-destructive ideas or suicide efforts.
- Sleep disruptions.
- Stress and anxiety.
Although Ambien was initially meant to produce less sleepiness than other sleep medications, a recent research study has shown that at higher doses, the drug can stay active in the private the morning after it is taken. The FDA recently released a cautioning about the possibility of "next-morning" impairment after taking Ambien. The FDA discovered that in some users, blood tests exposed that there was enough Ambien in the system to trigger problems at jobs that require mental alertness and coordination, such as driving. To minimize the risk of this side effect, the FDA recommends that prescribers restrict the dosage of the drug, specifically for women.
Ambien can cause complex behaviors while asleep. The most well-known of these is sleep-driving, which has actually resulted in legal problems for individuals who take Ambien, whether as recommended or for leisure reasons. The FDA keeps in mind that use of alcohol and other drugs that depress the main nerve system (including recommended opioid pain relievers) increases the risk of parasomnias, particularly more complex and hazardous ones like sleep-driving. The individual will get out of bed, enter into their automobile, and start driving as regular, without being awake or completely awake; the person will not remember the incident and might just know the occurrence if they are stopped and jailed for intoxicated driving.
Dangers of Blackouts
This seeks various reports of users participating in harmful activities, including driving, having sex, and eating, while they were apparently asleep. These instances are in some cases called Ambien blackouts: The person performs activities after they have actually taken Ambien, although they do not remember them. The clinical term, nevertheless, is parasomnia - an activity like walking, eating, talking on the phone, and others, which happens after an individual has actually gone to sleep.
There are certainly reports of sleepwalking, sleep-eating, and sleep-driving that do not involve Ambien and other prescription sleep help, however, the addition of Ambien appears to induce these habits in people who do not generally have them and might possibly make them even worse in people who do have parasomnias.
Having Sex while Asleep
Making love throughout an Ambien blackout may lead to contracting sexually transmitted infections (STI), consisting of HIV and herpes. While individuals with partners or spouses are most likely to experience this parasomnia, it is possible that a person may take Ambien, sleepwalk, and initiate sexual contact with a complete stranger or acquaintance. If prophylactics are not used, then either person might contract an STI.
Individuals who fight with Ambien abuse and addiction might purposefully mix the drug with other intoxicating substances, such as alcohol, to enhance the euphoric results. This means that they might experience more blackouts than other people, particularly considering that alcohol can likewise trigger blackouts or big patches of amnesia. During a blackout, people might inadvertently harm themselves or others.
Sleep-eating is another dangerous activity that individuals may perform while experiencing an Ambien blackout. Without remembering, a person might rise up and eat; while this could be harmful to individuals who are trying to lose weight or who have a controlled diet for other health reasons, sleep-eating is likewise dangerous due to the fact that the individual might try to prepare food on the range or in the oven, and harm themselves or trigger damage to their house.
A report in the Wisconsin Law Journal from 2006 notes that one lady took legal action against the pharmaceutical company that produces Ambien since she consumed unsafe products, including raw eggs and raw rice, on top of entire loaves of bread, various canned items, and entire bags of chips and sweet. She supposedly woke up vomiting from noxious mixes of food, established an ulcer, and acquired an unhealthy quantity of weight really quickly.
Ambien was first developed to provide an efficient option to other sleep medications, without the capacity for abuse or addiction.
However, research has shown that Ambien can produce tolerance, reliance, and withdrawal - all signs of a possibly addicting drug. Among the most major negative effects of using Ambien is the possibility of becoming chemically depending on the medication, or requiring Ambien in order to feel comfortable and function normally.
If Ambien is taken according to a physician's orders and utilized on a short-term basis, chemical dependence and dependency are not likely to develop. People at risk of dependency consist of those who take Ambien for longer than a couple of weeks, those who take more than the recommended dosage, and leisure users who abuse the drug for nonmedical reasons. Recreational users often take Ambien in hazardous ways, such as squashing the drug into a powder and blending it with alcohols or snorting it. Taking Ambien in this manner considerably increases the risk of over-sedation, overdose, and dependency.
Additional withdrawal signs might include:
- Muscle cramps.
With prescription substance abuse and addiction ending up being more common, drug rehabilitation programs have actually been established to treat these conditions securely. A detox program for Ambien includes a medically monitored drug taper, in which the dose of the drug is decreased in little increments to prevent severe physical or neurological reactions. After the detox phase, the healing services of rehab can resolve the thought patterns and habits that underlie dependency.